Root scaling and root planing or dental curettage
Also colloquially known as a “deep cleaning” helps to control and stop the progression of active gum disease (Periodontitis).
In scaling and root planing what is done is to scrape the root surfaces of the teeth themselves through elements and tools that are called curettes.
Unlike dental cleaning, which is preventive, curetage is carried out when the bacterial plaque has reached the root of the tooth. Therefore, a deeper cleaning is performed below the gum line, that is, in the subgingival area.
The purpose of this scaling and root planing is to remove the subgingival calculus, that is to say, the plaque that has accumulated under the gums. In this way, the gums will be healed to the maximum and heal little by little.
If left untreated, periodontitis will cause irreversible damage to the supporting gums and bone structures of the teeth and ultimately lead to tooth loss.